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  2. Middle Bronze IIB,C is seen as the Imperial style, while Late Bronze I is seen as the regular civil style. Increasing degrees of overlap in these ostensibly consecutive strata have been noted in recent years.
  3. Martin Sieff, "Scarab in the Dust: Egypt in the Time of the TwentyFirst Dynasty", Catastrophism & Ancient History VII:2, pp.99-109 and "The Libyans in Egypt: Resolving the Third Intermediate Period", C&AH VIII:1, pp.29-39
  4. Personal communication from Clapham
  5. Phillip Clapham, "Hittites and Phrygians", C&AH IV:2, pp.71-121
  6. ibid., p.86
  7. Phillip Clapham, "Hittites, Phrygians, and Others", C&AH V:2, pp.103-110
  8. cited in Immanuel Velikovsky, Ramses II and His Time, p.137 (Abacus edition).
  9. B. Aaronson, The Jerusalem Chronology of the Israelite Monarchies (JCIM), pp.37-40 and Addendum
  10. David Frankel, The Ancient Kingdom of Urartu p.31
  11. Martin Sieff, "Assyria and the End of the Late Bronze Age", SIS Workshop 4:2, pp.4-8
  12. Herodotus 7:73
  13. Jehu, in fact, is mentioned - by name - in two Amarna letters, one of which he authored himself (154 and 230).
  14. Peter J. James, "Some Notes on the `Assuruballit Problem'", SIS Review IV:1, pp.18-22; Immanuel Velikovsky, "Assuruballit", Kronos XII:3, pp.3-13
  15. Personal correspondance from Page to B. Aaronson
  16. B. Aaronson, JCIM, pp.37-40 and Addendum
  17. Hoshea 5:13, 10:6. This article has not yet been published.
  18. Lester J. Mitcham, "The End of Mitanni and Some Related Problems", C&AH III:1, p.5
  19. Clapham, "Hittites and Phrygians", p.90
  20. ibid., p.93
  21. ibid., p.95
  22. ibid.
  23. D.D. Luckenbill, Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, (Chicago 1926), I:221
  24. Amir Harrak, Assyria and Hanigalbat, (Hildesheim 1987), p.17
  25. Clapham, "Hittites, Phrygians and Others", pp.105-106
  26. K.A. Kitchen, Suppiluliuma and the Amarna Pharaohs, (Liverpool 1962), pp.39,48
  27. A. Poebel, "The Assyrian King List from Khorasbad," in Journal of Near East Studies, II:1 (1942), p.79
  28. W.G. Lambert, "The Reigns of Assurnasirpal II and Shalmaneser III: An Interpretation", in Iraq 36 (1974), p.108
  29. This name is given variously as Kurtiwaza and Mattiwaza. I have chosen to follow Harrak by using Shattiwaza.
  30. Clapham, "Hittites and Phrygians", p.90
  31. Harrak treats the reigns of Enlil-Nirari and Arik-Den-Ili on pages 59-60, in a section titled "Assyria and Hanigalbat after Ashur-Uballit I".
  32. Harrak, pp.31-38
  33. ibid., pp.95-96
  34. ibid., pp.42-43
  35. ibid., p.43
  36. EA 9:31-35
  37. Harrak, p.12
  38. ibid., p.60
  39. ibid., p.61
  40. II Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9
  41. K.A. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-560 B.C.) (Warminster 1973), pp.159-160
  42. B. Aaronson, p.35-36
  43. Hoshea 5:13, 10:6
  44. J.B. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 3rd Edition (Princeton 1962), pp.263-264